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The Basics of CBD

So you’re interested in CBD products? That’s great — and you are not alone. Millions of people worldwide have either started investigating or are now using this amazing, naturally occurring plant compound.

But like most people, you might be skeptical, so we’ve put together a fact sheet to help with your new CBD journey. It includes the basic descriptions of key terms without getting too technical and will explain some of the laws you’ll want to know, along with brief explanations about what CBD is.

Our goal is not to sell you a product, but rather provide the information you need to make informed decisions about CBD. At Xtractscience, we believe that education is the most important part of the discussion.  If you have any additional questions, please feel free to contact us.  Exploring CBD is our passion and mission!


So what is CBD?

CBD is short for Cannabidiol, which is one of the main cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. The other main constituent is tetrahydrocannabinol delta-9, or THC as it is the more commonly known. In total, there are at least 113 major cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, many of which are naturally produced in the human body as endocannabinoids, where “endo” means “internal”.


Is CBD legal?

CBD is now legal in all 50 states. In fact, because it’s non-psychoactive, you can buy it over the counter as well as online. In May 2018, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency stated as long as the CBD product contain less than 0.3 percent THC, it is considered legal nationwide under the U.S. 2018 Farm Bill.

So, if you’re worried about the legalities of CBD you can relax. We can’t say all CBD producers are selling CBD products that adhere to these federal guidelines, we can only speak for ourselves. All Xtractscience full spectrum products go through our Quality Control process that includes 3rd party laboratory testing to ensure we meet and are complaint with federal law.


How can CBD help me and my family?

Great question! How can we possibly explain ALL the ways CBD can potentially help you and your family? Well, not a day goes by that we don’t hear from others about how CBD products have benefitted people of all ages. 

However, due to federal regulations, we cannot make any claims about CBD helping or curing any specific medical condition.  We encourage everyone to do their own research to learn more about how CBD might help either you or your loved ones.

CBD Delivery Methods: What You Need To Know

 So you have decided that you want to give CBD oil a try and not sure where to start? There are several delivery methods and options available. Let’s explore these options so you have what you need to know to make an informed choice.

What is a delivery method?

A delivery method is the way you take CBD. You can ingest CBD oil sublingually (under your tongue), consume it an edible or by putting it on a piece of food or in a beverage, or applying CBD infused topical preparations on your skin. These are the most common delivery methods that delivers fast, effective, and pleasant experience.


CBD Oil Tinctures

One of the most popular and effective delivery systems is a CBD oil tincture. Tinctures are meant to be taken via sublingual administration, or under the tongue. When taking CBD oil internally, sublingual delivery is the most bio-available, meaning it provides the higher rate of absorption into the body than other methods of consumption. When you swallow CBD oil or any other substance all at once, it must first pass through the entire digestive tract. From there, it is moved to the hepatic portal where liver enzymes break it down. After this, any remaining CBD will be absorbed into the bloodstream. This means you may need to take more CBD to achieve desired results.

Happily, when CBD oil is held under the tongue it is absorbed directly into the bloodstream by the capillaries and mucous membranes where higher levels of CBD are delivered directly, maximizing the absorption of the CBD.


CBD Topicals

CBD creams, salves, balms and other topical products provide numerous benefits to the skin as well as providing local pain relief management. 

Many massage therapists are including CBD massage oils in their therapy protocols due to popular demand.

Whichever CBD delivery method you choose, just know that just like exercise,  what works best is the one you will use everyday.  You can’t really make a wrong choice with such a wide variety of products! 

CBD: What is this incredible cannabinoid?

 CBD has the potential to reach mainstream status and is on a fast track to do just that. With the vast amount of interest being poured into research and studies currently is justified and why it makes it so special. CBD is a part of a class of chemical compounds called cannabinoids. These chemicals as well as others compounds such as terpenes and flavonoids are what give the hemp its unique properties. CBD combined with all the other cannabinoids found naturally in both hemp and cannabis.

What Is The Endocannabinoid System?

Here is a brief description from Dr. Dustin Sulak, a renowned integrative medicine physician based in Maine who is regarded as an expert on medical cannabis in the US:

 The endogenous cannabinoid system, named after the plant that led to its discovery, is perhaps the most important physiologic system involved in establishing and maintaining human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells. In each tissue, the cannabinoid system performs different tasks, but the goal is always the same: homeostasis, the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external environment.”

 CBD:  How much should I take?

 The amount of CBD you should take depends on a range of factors, including:

  •  Body weight
  • The condition you’re treating
  • Your individual body chemistry
  • The concentration of CBD (and other cannabinoids and terpenes) in each pill, capsule, dropper, or gummy

There are variables that go into deciding how much CBD to take. Before trying CBD, be sure to talk to your doctor about an appropriate amount and any potential risks. If your doctor gives you guidance on how much to use and stick to their recommendation. 

If your doctor doesn’t provide a recommendation, it’s best to start with a small amount and gradually increase over time. This could mean starting with anywhere from 10 to 40 mg a day, depending on your condition and goals. After a week of daily use, increase this amount by 5 mg if desired. 

For example, you might start off with 30-40 mg which has been reported is an average adult dose.  If desired, after a week you increase it to 45 mg, and after a second week, you use 50 mg. Ultimately, you will settle into a serving size that is right for you.


The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your health care professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. 

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